You will get acquainted with the culture and traditions of this African country through the art of the “BAGA FOTE” music and dance group.
Only one month is left for you to visit the EXPO-2017 events and pavilions!
Waiting for you!
The beginning of the event is at 11:00 pm.
Venue: National Day Stage
Republic of Guinea is a coastal country situated in the western part of the African continent, halfway between Equator and the Tropic of the Cancer (7°30 and 12°30 of North latitude and 8° and 15° of West longitude) with a length of coast of 300km. They are in Guinea 85% Moslem, 10% Christian, it is occupied to close to 80% by the farming sector.
The regions natural of Guinea are the case of a mining treasure of the most enviable of the continent. To quoted of uranium, of the cobalt and other ores non exploited, one values the reserves to more of 13 millions of tons of iron, 2/3 of the world reserves of bauxite, 50 gold tons and 30 millions of diamond karats.
PLAN OF HYDROELECTRIC PRODUCTION
Guinea conceals a considerable hydroelectric potential (valued to more of 6, 000 MW), but valorized very weakly (367,2 MW installed and exploited). Guinea consists of six main pouring basins in terms of contribution volume in the country, respectively by order of importance: Niger, Senegal, the Konkouré, the Koliba, Gambia and the Kaba. This water potential left on more of 200 sites through the national territory.
However, only 4% of this potential are enhanced and this for lack of consequent investments in the setting of the production, the transportation and the electric energy distribution on the one hand and of the other for lack of complete studies notably of the hydroelectric sites.
It is necessary to add the forest resources estimated to 30 Millions m³ of wood per year; a solar potential of 4,8 kWh/m²/jour; a wind layer of which the yearly average of the wind speed varies between 2 and 4;
Concerning oil, the absence of exhaustive studies doesn't permit to give an exact situation on this potential;
The seismic studies done in sea and on the continental shelf, demonstrated that 63.000 sedimentary earth km² is judged promoters.
Indeed, the access of the Guinean population to electricity remains limited extremely since the rate is estimated to less of 18% and the rate of consumption by head of inhabitant is less than 5 Teps.
Republic of Guinea already achieved a fast assessment, to determine the main challenges and opportunities in the realization of the three objectives of the initiative of the United Nations, Lasting Energy for all SE4ALL, that are:
i) to assure the universal access to the modern energizing services;
ii) to Double the global rate of improvement of the energizing efficiency,
iii) to double the part of the renewable energies in the world energizing mix.
With the help of the World Bank and the French agency of development, the country achieved a survey diagnosis of the subsector of electricity and the national society of electricity, Electricity of Guinea (EDG), and a plan of correction has been established with the technical support of the cabinet consultant Nodalis. This plan identified important projects for the stabilization of the sector and its development to mayen term.
These two documents acted as starting point for the development of program of action for the setting in work of the initiative lasting energy for all of here to 2030, including a waybill to reach the three objectives of Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL).
A national prospectus of investment for the access to electricity, ensuing of this program of action, has been elaborated under financing of the World Bank.
The project of report Programs action country and the strategy of the setting in work of the initiative lasting energy for all (SE4All) is already available.
Sectorial objectives and strategic orientations for the improvement of the servicing in electricity.
The national politicy of development of the sector of the energy grants the priority to the enhancement of the hydroelectric potential, like source of electric energy production. This resource is abundant in Guinea.
The national Program of improvement of the access to electricity, aim to plan on the long term the electrification of all the extent of the territory. This
Program founds on a sectorial approach, considering the electric sector in its whole.
To reach the objectives of this program that appear in the initiative Lasting Energy for all of the United Nations, that fixes a rate of cover in electric energy of the country of 100% horizon 2030, some projects important of production, transportation and distribution of the electric energy have been identified. These are:
- Project of Hydroelectric planning of Souapiti (515MW) - 1,5 billions USD;
- Project of Hydroelectric planning of Fomi (90MW) - 850 millions USD;
- Project of Hydroelectric planning of Morissanako (100MW)- 475 millions USD;
- Project of Hydroelectric planning of Gozoguézia (48MW) - 15O millions USD;
- Project of Hydroelectric planning of the 4 mini-power stations (Kogbédou (44MW), Zébéla (27MW), Touba (5MW) and Daboya (2,8MW)) - 501.819.608 millions USD.
- Project - Small hydroelectricity in Guinea-(2000.000 EURO) cofinanced by the FEM, contribution Guinean (200,000 Euro) to search for;
- Project of Hydroelectric planning of Kéno - 6,2 millions USD, of which mobilized 1,8 millions USD;
- Study of 4 hydroelectric mini-power stations - 35 GNF billions.
CURRENT SITUATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGIES
RELATING TO RENEWABLE ENERGIES:
- To reach 70% of the electric capacity in networks (without self-producers) of hydraulic source in 2017;
- To develop 5 sites of mini-hydro (on 130 recorded) from now to 2017 and 20 sites from now to 2025;
- To develop 11 sites of big hydroelectricity that will total 1,598 MW and that will deliver a yearly energy of 8,630 GWh;
- To create the Guinean Fund of the Renewable Energies (FODER);
- To install 5 MW of urban lighting from the system solar PV;
- To arrange 300, 000 hectares of drills energy (energizing Efficiency);
- To improve the rate of recovery of electricity invoices (80% in 2015) and decrease the fraud in this domain;
- To reduce the part of the coal of wood and wood to 50% of the energizing balance (80% in 2012);
- To reduce the consumption of administration and public enterprises to 150 TEP/per year (50% save of the potential in efficiency) on the horizon 2017;
- To eliminate the incandescent lamps;
- To reduce the consumption of wood of fire of 20,000 TEP is equivalent in 2017;
- To reduce the technical losses and no technics of 24% in 2013 (142 GWh) to 10% in 2030 (objectives ECOWAS);
- To develop the strong Guinean hydroelectric potential and to clear some decrepit hydroelectric groups in order to reduce the disparity of capacity installed / available capacity;
- The map of the available resources has already been identified; however it is necessary to produce a technical work of extension of the network and backing of the capacity of electricity transportation to avoid exponential losses.
- To develop the regulation framework permitting some PPP;
- To reinforce the regional cooperation and interconnected within the WAPP;
- To diversify the sources of electric production;
- To develop the solar potential and of bio energy in the country in order to not to depend solely on fossil resources 100% imported or of resources water that is subject to the climatic risks;
- To assure the financing of small scale renewable projects of farming electrification;
IMPACT FOR THE RENEWABLE ENERGIES
Targets for the energizing efficiency:
150 tep of saving of energies in the administration and the public enterprises (50% of the potential of gains in efficiency) and 20,000 tep of reduction of consumption of fire wood.
üTo improve the rate of recovery of the electric invoices (80% in 2015) and to decrease the fraud;
üTo reach 50% of biomass in the primary energy supply (80% in 2012)
üTo distribute 5 millions of low consumption lamps of active power from 7 to 22W in the households;
üTo eliminate the incandescent lamps by 2030;
üTo double the efficiency of the final consumption of energy from 19% to 35% in 2015;
üHydroelectric planning of Kaléta 240 MW;
üimplantation of 39, 000 photovoltaic autonomous solar lamps for the streetlight of the main roads of the 33 prefectures and 304 farming communities of development of 12 MW;
üPilot electrification by photovoltaic solar system of the institute of the Arts in Dubréka with the cooperation Chinese of a capacity of 15 KW;
üConstruction of 2 solar power stations of 40 Kwcs for two EDG Agencies in Conakry;
üSetting to point of a model turbine of 35 KW for hydroelectricity in Bofossou (Macenta);
üElectrification of the farming zones by extension of on line networks of 20KW of the under prefectures.
BALANCE Of ENERGY
The energizing sector of Guinea is characterized by the following elements: - The importance of the traditional Energies (wood and coal of wood) in the final consumption of energy for more than 80% (77% of wood and 3% of coal). A big part of this energy escapes the commercial circuits (farming environment) from where a difficulty to post it and to appreciate the effort that can be made in its favor;
- A low level of energy consumption per capita less a Tep/year on average, compared to 2,4 in 5 Tep/years in the industrialized countries;
- The weight relatively increased of the hydrocarbons (18%) within the modern or conventional energies. Guinea depends exclusively on the imported products. Of this fact, it is very sensitive to the fluctuations of the prices of oil.
The different sources of most known energies in Guinea are: The traditional energies, the hydrocarbons and Hydroelectricity.
However, it is necessary to underline the existence of five sources of renewable energies susceptible to be exploited in the future extensively in Guinea: the solar energy, the wind energy, the hydraulic energy, the biomass and the geothermics. Their common characteristic is not to produce any polluting broadcasts (or little), and so to help to fight against the greenhouse effect.
üThe photovoltaic or thermal solar energy is now a reality in Guinea but always to a limited scale, it is produced by the radiance of the sun. They are: The photovoltaic energy that is gotten directly from the radiance, of the thermal solar energy that uses the heat given out by the radiance.
üThe wind energy produced by air is not used again in Guinea. The forebears of the wind are the windmills. The wind produces the energy, of electricity for example, from the displacement of the air masses.
üThe hydraulic energy thanks to the marine currents: The hydraulic energy is gotten directly by the water that it is from the tides and marine currents, of the waves, of the meeting of the soft water and the salty water. The thermal energy of the seas that comes from the temperature difference between the deep waters and the waters of surface is not operational in Guinea.
üThe energy biomass issued of the organic matters must be developed in Guinea following the example of certain countries in the world: This type of energy is composed of: wood, biofuels or the biogas.
üThe geothermics that is a renewable energy coming from the extraction of the energy contained in soil will be used in the future in Guinea for the heating but also for the production of electricity. It is one of the energies that not depending on the atmospheric conditions.
MAIN OBSTACLES TO THE ENERGIZING EFFICIENCY IN GUINEA
üLack of laws on the Energizing efficiency;
üLack of regulation on the facilities: Choice of the electric facilities following no energizing efficiency constraints;
üMassive use of facilities too énergivores / massive import of second-hand facilities;
üInsufficiency of sensitization, information and formation of the actors;
üInsufficiency of study, of Research and Development (R&D) in the domain of the energizing efficiency:
- Absence of data base centered on the energizing efficiency (Stations of electric consumptions, use of the domestic facilities, feature of the facilities, etc.) ;
- Absence of analysis of scripts permitting to convince on the waited results;
üLack of information of the political decision-makers;
üDefect of financing of the measures of energizing efficiency and Lack of an institutional and authorized setting favorable to the promotion of the energizing efficiency.
MAIN OBSTACLES FOR THE RENEWABLE ENERGIES IN GUINEA
Guinea displays the weakest energizing performances of the sub- region. The Guinean live literally in the black and the lack of current water. A situation that despairs all inhabitants and preoccupy the governing. To give electricity and water in a permanent manner to the populations is a first-class national priority.
Yet the energizing potential is enormous. The hydrographic network of the country is very dense (1165 rivers). It can develop a hydroelectric potential estimated in 6 000 MW for an energy guaranteed of 19 300 GWH/year. ON this day, only 2% of this potential are enhanced and only benefit has 8% of the population.
In addition, the country has bio-mass resources, valued to 30 millions m3 of wood per year of a solar potential of 4,8 Kwhm²/day, with a wind layer that offers a middle speed of wind of 3 m/s and the fossil energies (oil, gas, uranium etc…) with promising indications.
The development of the sector is confronted to three main constraints, to know:
- the institutional setting ;
- the under-investment ;
- and the governance of the sector.
- The forecasting to 2,025 in terms of demand in domestic electricity (in MW) has been pulled of the leading plan of electrification (Decon, 2006).
- This demand to the national level has been estimated thus to about 850 MW on the horizon 2025. Conakry represents the biggest center of consumption of the country with a demand projected to 280 MW for 2,025. The maximal power installed of the thermal power stations (77 MW) and of the hydraulic power stations (126 MW) proves to be currently insufficient to satisfy the national demand. That’s why, the addition of a power of 100 MW to the power station of Tombo and the construction of the dam of Kaléta (240 MW).
- Several other centers of important consumption important are identified with a demand estimated in 2,025 between 28 and 63 MW:
- Kindia (75 MW), Fria (29 MW), Mamou (40 MW), Labé (55 MW), Kankan (59 MW), Guéckédou (58 MW), Macenta (37 MW), Nzérékoré (63 MW).
- Then, centers of tertiary and quaternary order consumption are also identified:
- Tertiary: Boké (19 MW), Faranah (18 MW), Coyah (20 MW).
- Quaternary (small power): Kérouané (8.5 MW) and Siguiri (8 MW), Boffa (5 MW), Dabola (5 MW), Yomou (6 MW) and Dalaba (5 MW).
- It is necessary to recall that these forecastings date a survey of 2006. The announced numbers are therefore to take like minimal on the basis of the present demographic and economic growth.
- In Guinea, the main industrial energizing demand comes from the mining needs. The mining demand, in strong progression, would have energizing needs estimated in 4, 000 MW according to the LPDSE 2012 thus.
- The survey of the mining demand is based on the mining land-registry of Guinea of the Ministry of the Mines and Geology. This land-registry dates of December 2,011 and evolve in the setting of the mining.
- Concessions in revision. The Guinean mining land-registry of 2,011 permitted to localize the main mining concessions.
- According to the map of distribution of the main mining concessions and to the necessary energizing needs for the exploitation of the main resources that are bauxite and iron, the energizing needs concentrate:
- In the region of Boké, situated in the region natural of the maritime Guinea for the exploitation of bauxite,;
- In the region of Zérékoré, situated in the region natural of the forest Guinea for the exploitation of the layers of iron;
- In the region of Faranah, situated in the region natural of the High Guinea.
The main industrial consumers currently in exploitation are:
- The Company of the Bauxites of Guinea in Kamsar in the region of Boké, of which the power installed requisite is estimated in 35 MW with a yearly energy required of 184 GWh;
- The Company of the Bauxites of Kindia in Débélé in the region of Kindia, of which the power installed requisite is 7 MW with a required yearly energy of about 37 GWh(1s).
- The main industrial projects to come concentrate in the region of Boké with a potential of power installed total valued of about 700 MW:
- The Dian-Dian project by the Company of Bauxite and alumina of Dian-Dian (COBAD) for the extraction of bauxite since 2016 and the production of alumina in the region of Boké, of which the power installed requisite is estimated in 200 MW;
- The Alufer project in Boffa for the extraction of bauxite since 2016, of which the installed power is estimated to about 15 MW;
- The project Guinea Alumina Corporation (GAC) for the production of alumina planned for 2017 in Sangarédi in the region of Boké, of which the power installed requisite is estimated in 135 MW;
- The project Dyed Power Investment (CPI) for the extraction of bauxite and the production of alumina planned for 2,017 in Boffa, of which the power installed requisite is estimated to about 250 MW;
- The project Henan-China (or CDM-China) for the extraction of bauxite in the region of Boké and Télimélé, of which the power installed requisite is estimated to about 120 MW.
- The Friguia project in Fria that is operational since April 2,012 must take its activities in a near future. The power installed requisite was of about 380 MW with a yearly production required of 2, 000 GWh, for which the feasibility of Souapiti had been studied in 1,999.
- In a general manner, the need energizing some mines is variable according to the types of ores and the operations of treatment done there.
- The order of size is estimated between 10 and 50 MW more than 100 MW for the production of alumina.
- In Guinea the mining sector and the households have the respective parts of 47% and 31% of the global consumption of energy.
1-DECIDED PROJECTS OF ENERGY TRANSPORTATION :
- The report of the regional leading plan of the WAPP in 2011 (Tractebel Engineering, 2011) lists the projects of energy transportation decided that have a date of setting in stationary service.
- OMVG project
- The OMVG project consists of an interconnection line 225 KV simple drab crossing Guinea, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau and Gambia, to share the production of the sites hydroelectric of Guinea. The setting in service is foreseen in 2017. The first phase (Linsan-Labé-Mali and Linsan-Kaolack-Tambacounda) could be finished to short term.
- CLSG project (Ivory Cost - Liberia - Sierra Leone - Guinea)
- A line of interconnection 225 KV simple drab is foreseen between the cities Man stations (Ivory Coast) - Yéképa (Liberia) - Nzérékoré (Guinea) - Buchanan (Liberia) - Monrovia (Liberia) - Bumbuna (Sierra Leone) - Linsan (Guinea). The setting in service is estimated 2018 on the horizon. To short term, one only drab will be installed. Nevertheless, the pylons are planned to welcome a second drab long-term.
- PROJECTS PLANNED OF ENERGY TRANSPORTATION (to see picture 7)
- These are already projects very detailed and having been the subject of feasibility study, but for which of the complementary studies are again to achieve and/or for which a part of financing remained to find again.
- Interconnection GUINEA - MALI
- The project of interconnection Guinea-Mali is registered among the important projects identified by the Leading Plan Reviewed of the ECOWAS. It is conceived to evacuate the production of the future hydroelectric power station of Fomi (Guinea). The project consists of the construction of a line 225 KV between Fomi (Guinea) and Nzérékoré (Guinea), then between Fomi (Guinea) and Bamako (Mali) and between Fomi (Guinea) and Linsan (Guinea). This line of transportation will not only permit the interconnection of Guinea and Mali, but also the interconnection between the countries members of the OMVS and with the future line of Ivory Coast interconnection - Liberia - Sierra Leone - Guinea (CLSG).
- OMVS interconnections
- Since the setting in service of the hydraulic site of Guinea (settled project, and beginning of works estimated in 2016), it will possibly be reinforced by the network 225 kV toward Dakar. It is considered a buckle by the inside of the country via Tambacounda that would also permit a connection with the OMVG network.
- It is also considered a Linsan connection - Manantali to interconnect the dams in project on the territory of Guinea: Boureya and Koukoutamba.
- Optimization of the projects
In addition to the projects considered by previous studies, new projects are let to optimization in this report of the regional leading plan of the WAPP: It is first proposed a new interconnection between Guinea and the North of the Ivory Coast (Fomi - Odienné - Boundiala - Ferkessedougou). Such axis would permit to transport directly the hydroelectric energy that would be produced in Guinea toward the regions of the North having few production means to weak cost of exploitation directly. The tracing of this line should be discussed in order to limit its environmental impact.
In the same objective, an alternative to this tracing would consist in a line joining Guinea to the region of Sikasso in Mali.
STRATEGIES OF ENERGIZING DEVELOPMENT:
The main objectives are:
- The satisfaction of the domestic, commercial, industrial and mining demand;
- The necessity to reduce the dependence of the country opposite the import of the oil products;
- The realization of the interconnection projects to the level of the under region (the OMVG OMVS ABN and of the WAPP) specifically;
- The restructuring of the under sector of electricity in view of a bigger efficiency of by the implication of the sector deprived in the investment and the management;
- The enhancement of the hydroelectric potential of the country through the development of the renewable energies (solar, domestic, wind, biogas, etc.);
- The growth of the rate of access to electricity to 65% on the horizon 2020;
- 65% of national electrification in 2015 (18% in 2013): 80% of national electrification in 2017 and 65% in the out-of-town and farming zones (1% in 2012);
- Cover all the administrative centre of the Farming Communities of development in 2025;
- Increase the rate of access of the households to the electric lighting (18% in 2012);
- Bring electricity to 495 of health centre;
- Diffuse the access to 10.000 homes improved in 2015;
- Electricity for all in 2030;
- Use of gas butane by 10% of homes from now to 2017;
- Disseminate the domestic biogas to 15,000 families (either 105.000 people) in 2021.